Heydecker, BG and Addison, JD (2012) The Harmonised Research Programme. (NEARCTIS Deliverables D14 ).
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The NEARCTIS Network of Excellence is addressing the potential for benefit directly to travellers and also to society as a whole that can be achieved by improvements to the transport system through adoption and use of cooperative ICT. This is being developed as a harmonised research programme on cooperative traffic management, with broad-based joint and separate analyses of current traffic management systems, cooperative ICT, objectives of traffic management, the state of knowledge in this area, and research needs that have already been identified. This is the substance of the present deliverable D14. Traffic management has moved from an isolated technical problem to a more integrated vision of widespread mobility in which multiple criteria and constraints are considered. This recognises the overarching need for cost-effective, efficient transport systems that provide a wide range of attractive choices to all members of society. At the same time, continuing advances in technology, techniques and equipment for management of road traffic provide opportunities to develop and implement novel approaches to traffic management and control. The rapid development of communications technology provides new means to collect, integrate and use information, from vehicle positioning, identification and tracking, and bi-directional communication technologies to improve performance of the transport system. This opens up a wide area for research to take full advantage of the opportunities for improvements using cooperative ICT that can be integrated into a global vision for the transport system. A key element underlying the development of ICT for cooperative traffic management is communication, and especially the emergent technology of dedicated short range communication (DSRC) that facilitates communication among vehicles and bi-directional communication between vehicles and infrastructure. This lies at the heart of cooperation, with various opportunities among users, and between users and components of transport system management. Safety-related ITS applications will be the first priority in harmonisation and deployment on both intelligent segments: the vehicle (connected and networked) and the road infrastructure (road operators, traffic managers, services providers). In this context, these future applications will require high quality traffic models, efficient and reliable communication tools, and accurate measuring and monitoring systems. The role of technologies, in particular communication and positioning, will be essential in the enhancement of traffic management. The harmonised research programme on cooperative ICT in transport is presented here within a framework that has 5 distinct dimensions that give complementary and cross-cutting views of research. These are: 1. Key objectives 2. Research themes 3. Areas of expertise 4. Areas of traffic management 5. Opportunities for innovative contribution. The concept uunderlying this framework is that prospective research can be viewed within it in a way that highlights inherent commonalities and complementarities. The harmonised research programme was developed systematically through this to ensure that it is robust, extensive, shared and balanced. It draws on available knowledge and technologies, whilst remaining open to future ones. This involved planning and undertaking a series of consultations of consortium members that was repeated four times. The resulting harmonised programme of research is organised according to the research themes of the framework. Within each theme, we introduce research and explore the underlying motivation, the premises on which it is based, and the research that will be required, including some of the major issues to be addressed. We then proceed to discuss the expected outcomes of researching that theme to identify some of the areas to be addressed in order to develop and exploit the potential benefits of cooperative ICT for traffic management. The agenda presented is extensive but remains open to extension and enrichment from complementary research ideas. The 7 research themes that are addressed are: 1. Increased availability of mobile communications 2. Increasing data availability 3. Improved modelling at all scales 4. The need for communication between autonomous systems 5. An understanding of the consequences of interactions at various levels 6. Achieving effective large-scale management of transport systems and their efficient usage 7. Support for policy developers and decision makers. Considering each of these in turn led to the formulation of a programme of research that addresses a broad agenda. By considering this as a whole, it could be harmonised in the sense that interrelationships among these themes could be recognised and explored. This will support the research effort by identifying commonalities and opportunities for cross-linkage, and by identifying the complementarities that will enhance the value of each contribution. The approach presented here explores the potential contrbiutions of cooperative ICT to traffic management and control within a systematic framework. This led to formulation of an agenda for the research required to develop and exploit the opportunities for advances in traffic management that are furnished by ICT. This analytical approach achieves a perspective on future opportunities and identify the actions that will be required to realise them. The broad base of expertise within the NEARCTIS consortium leads us to suppose that many of the main topics and issues have been identified in the harmonised research programme. Each research project and activity that addresses the programme will address one or more of the many combinations of descriptions within the framework. Because of their relevant expertise and established research interest in this field, we expect that partners of the NEARCTIS consortium will join in bids for research following any call of the kind proposed here. Joint research activity of this kind will have the effect of perpetuating the NEARCTIS network through collaborative research contribution.
|Title:||The Harmonised Research Programme|
|Keywords:||ICT, Cooperative traffic management, traffic management and control, ITS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering|
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