Birchall, MA; Schock, E; Harmon, BV; Gobe, G; (1997) Apoptosis, mitosis, PCNA and bcl-2 in normal, leukoplakic and malignant epithelia of the human oral cavity: Prospective, in vivo study. ORAL ONCOL , 33 (6) 419 - 425.
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Disordered balance between proliferation and apoptosis may contribute to carcinogenesis. Thirty-two oral biopsies were collected prospectively: 10 normal (N), 10 leukoplakia (dysplasia, D = 5; hyperplasia, H = 5) and 12 squamous cell carcinoma (C: 11). Distant normal tissue was also collected (HN, DN, CN). Based on counts of 1000 cells/slide, mitotic (MI), apoptotic(AI) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA: PI) indices were calculated and bcl-2 expression recorded. AI correlated with MI (P<0.001), but not PI or bcl-2 expression. PCNA was higher in H and HN than other groups (P<0.0001). bcl-2 was reduced in C and CN (P<0.001). Peak mitosis shifted basally in dysplasia, whilst peak apoptosis remained unaltered. These data confirm topographical alterations in proliferation relative to apoptosis in dysplasia of the oral cavity. Reduced bcl-2 in carcinoma and related 'normal' epithelium was unexpected, and may contribute to the high incidence of metachronous carcinomas in these patients. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Apoptosis, mitosis, PCNA and bcl-2 in normal, leukoplakic and malignant epithelia of the human oral cavity: Prospective, in vivo study|
|Keywords:||apoptosis, mitosis, bcl-2, PCNA, hyperplasia, dysplasia, carcinoma, PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH, NUCLEAR ANTIGEN, EXPRESSION, PROTEIN, CARCINOMA, LESIONS|
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