A heart mitochondrial Ca2(+)-dependent pore of possible relevance to re-perfusion-induced injury. Evidence that ADP facilitates pore interconversion between the closed and open states.
The permeability properties of a putative Ca2(+)-activated pore in heart mitochondria, of possible relevance to re-perfusion-induced injury, have been investigated by a pulsed-flow solute-entrapment technique. The relative permeabilities of [14C]mannitol, [14C]sucrose and arsenazo III are consistent with permeation via a pore of about 2.3 nm diameter. Ca2+ removal with EGTA induced pore closure, and the mitochondria became 'resealed'. The permeability of the unresealed mitochondria during resealing was markedly stimulated by 200 microM-ADP, and the relative permeabilities to solutes of different size were stimulated equally, indicating an increase in open-pore number, rather than an increase in pore dimensions. This is paradoxical, since ADP also stimulated the rate of resealing. The rate of EGTA-induced resealing was also stimulated by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187, which indicates that the rate of removal of matrix free Ca2+ is limiting for pore closure. An explanation for the paradox is suggested in which ADP facilitates pore interconversion between the closed and open states in permeabilized mitochondria, and pore closure in Ca2(+)-free mitochondria occurs much faster than previously thought.
|Title:||A heart mitochondrial Ca2(+)-dependent pore of possible relevance to re-perfusion-induced injury. Evidence that ADP facilitates pore interconversion between the closed and open states.|
|Keywords:||Adenosine Diphosphate, Animals, Arsenazo III, Calcimycin, Calcium, Cell Membrane Permeability, Egtazic Acid, Female, Kinetics, Mannitol, Mitochondria, Heart, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Sucrose|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
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