Effects of adrenergic agonists and mitochondrial energy state on the Ca2+ transport systems of mitochondria.
This study investigates the effects of adrenergic agonists and mitochondrial energy state on the activities of the Ca2+ transport systems of female rat liver mitochondria. Tissue perfusion with the alpha-adrenergic agonist phenylephrine and with adrenaline, but not with the beta-adrenergic agonist isoprenaline, induced significant activation of the uniporter and the respiratory chain. Uniporter activation was evident under two sets of experimental conditions that excluded influences of delta psi, i.e., at high delta psi, where uniporter activity was delta psi independent, and at low delta psi, where uniporter conductance was measured. Preincubation of mitochondria with extracts from phenylephrine-perfused tissue quantitatively reproduced uniporter activation when comparison was made with mitochondria treated similarly with extracts from tissue perfused without agonist. Similar, but more extensive, data were obtained with heart mitochondria pretreated with extracts from hearts perfused with the alpha-adrenergic agonist methoxamine. Phenylephrine did not affect Ca2+ efflux mediated by the Na+-Ca2+ carrier or the Na+-independent system. In contrast, the liver mitochondrial Na+-Ca2+ carrier was activated by tissue perfusion with isoprenaline; the Na+-independent system was unaffected. Na+-Ca2+ carrier activation was not associated with any change in a number of basic bioenergetic parameters. It is concluded that the Ca2+ transport systems of liver mitochondria may be controlled in an opposing manner by alpha-adrenergic agonists (promotion of Ca2+ influx) and beta-adrenergic agonists (promotion of Ca2+ efflux). At delta psi values greater than 110 mV, the Na+-independent system was activated by increase in delta psi; the uniporter and Na+-Ca2+ carrier activities were insensitive to delta psi changes in this range.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
|Title:||Effects of adrenergic agonists and mitochondrial energy state on the Ca2+ transport systems of mitochondria.|
|Keywords:||Animals, Calcium, Calcium-Transporting ATPases, Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone, Electric Conductivity, Epinephrine, Female, Heart, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Isoproterenol, Kinetics, Liver, Mitochondria, Heart, Mitochondria, Liver, Oxygen Consumption, Phenylephrine, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Tissue Extracts|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)
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