The entrapment of the Ca2+ indicator arsenazo III in the matrix space of rat liver mitochondria by permeabilization and resealing. Na+-dependent and -independent effluxes of Ca2+ in arsenazo III-loaded mitochondria.
The permeabilization-resealing technique [Al-Nasser & Crompton, Biochem. J. (1986) 239, 19-29] has been applied to the entrapment of arsenazo III in the matrix compartment of rat liver mitochondria. The addition of 10 mM-arsenazo III to mitochondria permeabilized with Ca2+ partially restores the inner-membrane potential (delta psi) and leads to the recovery of 3.9 nmol of arsenazo III/mg of protein in the matrix when the mitochondria are washed three times. The recovery of entrapped arsenazo III is increased 2-fold by 4 mM-Mg2+, which also promotes repolarization. ATP with or without Mg2+ decreased arsenazo III recovery. Under all conditions, less arsenazo III than [14C]sucrose is entrapped, in particular in the presence of ATP. The amount of arsenazo III entrapped is proportional to the concentration of arsenazo III used as resealant, and is equally distributed between heavy and light mitochondria. Arsenazo III-loaded permeabilized and resealed (PR) mitochondria develop delta psi values of 141 +/- 3 mV. PR mitochondria retain arsenazo III and [14C]sucrose for more than 2 h at 0 degrees C. At 25 degrees C, and in the presence of Ruthenium Red, PR mitochondria lose arsenazo III and [14C]sucrose at equal rates, but Ca2+ efflux is more rapid; this indicates that Ca2+ is released by an Na+-independent carrier in addition to permeabilization. The Na+/Ca2+ carrier of PR mitochondria is partially (60%) inhibited by extramitochondrial free Ca2+ stabilized with Ca2+ buffers; maximal inhibition is attained with 2 microM free Ca2+. A similar inhibition occurs in normal mitochondria with 3.5 nmol of matrix Ca2+/mg of protein, but the inhibition is decreased by increased matrix Ca2+. The data suggest the presence of Ca2+ regulatory sites on the Na+/Ca2+ carrier that change the affinity for matrix free Ca2+.
|Title:||The entrapment of the Ca2+ indicator arsenazo III in the matrix space of rat liver mitochondria by permeabilization and resealing. Na+-dependent and -independent effluxes of Ca2+ in arsenazo III-loaded mitochondria.|
|Keywords:||Animals, Arsenazo III, Azo Compounds, Binding Sites, Biological Transport, Calcium, Female, Intracellular Membranes, Membrane Potentials, Mitochondria, Liver, Permeability, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Sodium, Sucrose|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
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