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Interaction before Agriculture: Exchanging Material and Sharing Knowledge in the Final Pleistocene Levant

Richter, T; Garrard, AN; Allock, S; Maher, LA; (2011) Interaction before Agriculture: Exchanging Material and Sharing Knowledge in the Final Pleistocene Levant. CAMB ARCHAEOL J , 21 (1) 95 - 114. 10.1017/S0959774311000060. Green open access

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Abstract

This article discusses social interaction in the Epipalaeolithic of southwest Asia. Discussions of contact, social relationships and social organization have primarily focused on the Pre-Pottery Neolithic and are often considered to represent typical hallmarks of emergent farming societies. The hunter-gatherers of the final Pleistocene, in particular those of the Early and Middle Epipalaeolithic, have more rarely been the focus of such discussions. In this article we consider evidence for interaction from the Azraq Basin of eastern Jordan, to question the uniqueness of the Neolithic evidence for interaction. We argue that interaction between differently-constituted groups can be traced within the Early Epipalaeolithic of the southern Levant, suggesting that it is of far greater antiquity than previously considered.

Type: Article
Title: Interaction before Agriculture: Exchanging Material and Sharing Knowledge in the Final Pleistocene Levant
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0959774311000060
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0959774311000060
Language: English
Additional information: © 2011 McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
Keywords: SOUTHWEST ASIA, COMMUNITIES, BARTON, NEELEY, ARCHAEOLOGY, TECHNOLOGY, ORIGINS, JORDAN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1343637
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