Transition metal hydrazide-based hydrogen-storage materials: the first atoms-in-molecules analysis of the Kubas interaction.
Molecular models of the M-H(2) binding sites of experimentally characterised amorphous vanadium hydrazide gels are studied computationally using gradient corrected density functional theory, to probe the coordination number of the vanadium in the material and the nature of the interaction between the metal and the H(2) molecules. The H(2) is found to bind to the vanadium through the Kubas interaction, and the first quantum theory of atoms-in-molecules analysis of this type of interaction is reported. Strong correlation is observed between the electron density at the H-H bond critical point and the M-H(2) interaction energy. Four coordinate models give the best reproduction of the experimental data, suggesting that the experimental sites are four coordinate. The V-H(2) interaction is shown to be greater when the non-hydrazine based ligand, THF, of the experimental system is altered to a poorer π-acceptor ligand. Upon altering the metal to Ti or Cr the M-H(2) interaction energy changes little but the number of H(2) which may be bound decreases from four (Ti) to two (Cr). It is proposed that changing the metal from V to Ti may increase the hydrogen storage capacity of the experimental system. A 9.9 wt% maximum storage capacity at the ideal binding enthalpy for room temperature performance is predicted when the Ti metal is combined with a coordination sphere containing 2 hydride ligands.
|Title:||Transition metal hydrazide-based hydrogen-storage materials: the first atoms-in-molecules analysis of the Kubas interaction.|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry
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