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A comparative study of the effect of 17β-estradiol and estriol on peripheral pain behavior in rats.
Although estradiol has been reported to influence pain sensitivity, the role of estriol (an estradiol metabolite and another widely used female sex hormone) remains unclear. In this study, pain behavior tests, whole-cell patch clamp recording and Western blotting were used to determine whether estriol plays a role in pain signal transduction and transmission. Either systemic or local administration of 17β-estradiol produced a significant rise of mechanical pain threshold, while estriol lacked this effect in normal and ovariectomized (OVX) rats following estriol replacement. Local administration of 17β-estradiol or estriol significantly decreased ATP-induced spontaneous hind-paw withdrawal duration (PWD), which was blocked by an estrogen receptor antagonist, ICI 182, 780. However, systemic application of estriol in normal or OVX rats lacked this similar effect. In cultured dorsal root ganglion neurons, estriol attenuated α,β-methylene ATP-induced transient currents which were blocked by ICI 182, 780. In complete Freund's adjuvant treated (CFA) rats, systemic application of 17β-estradiol or estriol decreased the mechanical pain threshold significantly, but did not change the inflammatory process. Similar effects were observed after estriol replacement in OVX rats. The expression of c-fos in lumbosacral spinal cord dorsal horn (SCDH) was increased significantly by administration of 17β-estradiol but not estriol, and not by estriol replacement in OVX rats. These results suggest that 17β-estradiol but not estriol plays an anti-hyperalgesic role in physiological pain. However, both peripheral 17β-estradiol and estriol play anti-hyperalgesic roles in ATP-induced inflammatory pain. Systemic application of estriol as well as 17β-estradiol plays hyperalgesic roles in CFA-induced chronic pain. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Title:||A comparative study of the effect of 17β-estradiol and estriol on peripheral pain behavior in rats|
|Keywords:||17β-Estradiol, ATP, c-fos, CFA, Estriol, Pain|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)
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