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S-Adenosylmethionine regulates connexins sub-types expressed by hepatocytes

Yamaji, S; Droggiti, A; Lu, SC; Martinez-Chantar, ML; Warner, A; Varela-Rey, M; (2011) S-Adenosylmethionine regulates connexins sub-types expressed by hepatocytes. EUR J CELL BIOL , 90 (4) 312 - 322. 10.1016/j.ejcb.2010.09.007.

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Abstract

Intercellular communication via GAP Junctions plays an important role in tissue homeostasis, apoptosis, carcinogenesis, cell proliferation and differentiation. Hepatocyte connexins (Cx) 26 and 32 levels are decreased during the de-differentiation process of primary hepatocytes in culture, a situation that is also characterized by a decrease in S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) levels. In this current study, we show that SAMe supplementation in cultured hepatocytes every 12 h, leads to an up-regulation of Cx26 and 32 mRNA and protein levels and blocks culture-induced Cx43 expression, although it failed to increase Cx26 and 32 membrane localization and GAP junction intracellular communication. SAMe reduced nuclear catenin accumulation, which is known to stimulate the TCF/LEF-dependent gene transcription of Cx43. Moreover SAMe-induced reduction in Cx43 and beta-catenin was prevented by the proteasome inhibitor MG132, and was not mediated by GSK3 activity. SAMe, and its metabolite 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) increased Cx26 mRNA in a process partially mediated by Adenosine A(2A) receptors but independent of PKA. Finally livers from MAT1A knockout mice, characterized by low hepatic SAMe levels, express higher Cx43 and lower Cx26 and 32 protein levels than control mice. These results suggest that SAMe maintains a characteristic expression pattern of the different Cxs in hepatocytes by differentially regulating their levels. (C) 2010 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:S-Adenosylmethionine regulates connexins sub-types expressed by hepatocytes
DOI:10.1016/j.ejcb.2010.09.007
Keywords:SAMe, MTA, Adenosine A(2A) receptor, Hepatocytes, Connexin, cAMP, ADULT-RAT HEPATOCYTES, JUNCTIONAL INTERCELLULAR COMMUNICATION, HEPATIC GAP-JUNCTIONS, BETA-CATENIN, PRIMARY CULTURES, LIVER DEVELOPMENT, CELLS, GENE, METHIONINE, PROTEIN
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences

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