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Partial purification and characterisation of an inhibitor of hepatocyte proliferation derived from nonparenchymal cells after partial hepatectomy

Woodman, AC; Selden, CA; Hodgson, HJF; (1992) Partial purification and characterisation of an inhibitor of hepatocyte proliferation derived from nonparenchymal cells after partial hepatectomy. Journal of Cellular Physiology , 151 (2) 405 - 414.

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Abstract

We have investigated the influences that nonparenchymal cells from regenerating rat liver exert on hepatocyte proliferation. When primary adult rat hepatocytes isolated from resting liver were co-cultured with nonparenchymal cells (NPCs) from resting liver of a different syngeneic animal, the proliferative response of hepatocytes to epidermal growth factor (EGF) was unaffected by the presence of NPCs. In the presence of NPCs taken from livers that had undergone partial hepatectomy 24 hours before (regen-NPCs), the response of hepatocytes from resting liver to EGF, TGF-α, and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was markedly inhibited. Inhibitory activity was not dependent on cell-to-cell contact, and conditioned-medium from regen-NPCs, but not normal NPCs, inhibited EGF-induced hcpatocyte DNA synthesis by approximately 50%. After concentration by gel chromatography and lyophilisation, inhibition was 98%. The inhibitory activity migrated on SDS-PAGE gel electrophoresis with an apparent molecular weight of 14 to 17 kDa and was trypsin-sensitive but relatively heat-stable. The effects of blocking antibodies established that it was not TGF-β, IL1-β, or IL6. Investigations of regen-NPCs taken at different time points demonstrated that inhibitory activity was released into conditioned medium of cells harvested at 24 and 48 hours after partial hepatectomy, but not 10 or 72 hours. This powerful inhibitor of hepatocyte response to proliferogens is released by cultures of NPCs with a time course suggesting that it may be involved in terminating the surge of hepatocyte replication induced by partial hepatectomy. © 1992 wiley-Liss, Inc.

Type:Article
Title:Partial purification and characterisation of an inhibitor of hepatocyte proliferation derived from nonparenchymal cells after partial hepatectomy

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