Lee, J and Shmueli, K and Kang, BT and Yao, B and Fukunaga, M and van Gelderen, P and Palumbo, S and Bosetti, F and Silva, AC and Duyn, JH (2012) The contribution of myelin to magnetic susceptibility-weighted contrasts in high-field MRI of the brain. Neuroimage , 59 (4) 3967 - 3975. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.10.076.
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T(2)*-weighted gradient-echo MRI images at high field (≥ 7T) have shown rich image contrast within and between brain regions. The source for these contrast variations has been primarily attributed to tissue magnetic susceptibility differences. In this study, the contribution of myelin to both T(2)* and frequency contrasts is investigated using a mouse model of demyelination based on a cuprizone diet. The demyelinated brains showed significantly increased T(2)* in white matter and a substantial reduction in gray-white matter frequency contrast, suggesting that myelin is a primary source for these contrasts. Comparison of in-vivo and in-vitro data showed that, although tissue T(2)* values were reduced by formalin fixation, gray-white matter frequency contrast was relatively unaffected and fixation had a negligible effect on cuprizone-induced changes in T(2)* and frequency contrasts.
|Title:||The contribution of myelin to magnetic susceptibility-weighted contrasts in high-field MRI of the brain.|
|Additional information:||PMCID: PMC3288572|
|Keywords:||Animals, Brain, Demyelinating Diseases, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Myelin Sheath|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Medical Physics and Bioengineering|
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