G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 is a Rho-dependent scaffold protein for the ERK MAPK cascade.
Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).
The G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) are best known for their role in phosphorylating and desensitising G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The GRKs can also regulate signalling downstream of other families of receptors and are now known to have a number of non-receptor substrates and binding partners. Here I identify RhoAGTP, Raf1 and ERK2 as novel binding partners of GRK2 and report a previously unsuspected function for this kinase. GRK2 acts as a RhoA-activated scaffold protein for the ERK MAP kinase cascade downstream of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. The ability of GRK2 to bind to Raf1, MEK1 and ERK2 is dependent on RhoAGTP binding to the catalytic domain of the kinase, however, while RhoAGTP binding is common to all of the ubiquitously expressed GRKs, the ability to act as a RhoA-regulated Raf/MEK/ERK scaffold is specific to GRK2. GRK2 over-expression in HEK-293 cells potentiates EGF-induced ERK activation in a Rho-dependent fashion. Conversely, depleting GRK2 expression by RNAi reveals that GRK2 is required for EGF-induced thymidine incorporation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Rho-dependent ERK MAP kinase scaffolding by GRK2 may therefore have an important role in the vasculature, where increased levels of GRK2 and RhoA have been associated with hypertension.
|Title:||G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 is a Rho-dependent scaffold protein for the ERK MAPK cascade|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > MRC/UCL Lab for Molecular Cell Biology|
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