Launay, H.M.M. (2011) NMR investigations of co-translational protein folding on ribosomal particles. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).
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The 2.4 MDa ribosome complex is responsible for protein synthesis in all domains of life. During its biosynthesis, the nascent polypeptide chain (NC) threads through the ribosomal exit tunnel and into the cellular milieu. There is much evidence to indicate that during translation and whilst tethered to the ribosome, the NC has its first opportunity to acquire structure, which assists in its folding to the active biological state, in a process known as co-translational folding. The studies of the structural and molecular determinants of this process present a challenge due to the NC’s intrinsic conformational heterogeneity. NMR spectroscopy has the unique ability to report on both protein structure and dynamic at a residue-specific level and this thesis describes the development of NMR methodologies to allow monitoring the progressive folding of an immunoglobulin domain (ddFLN-dom5) NC as it emerges from the ribosome. Snapshots of the emergence of ddFLN-dom5 from the ribosome were generated using different lengths of in vivo translated, homogeneously stalled and selectively labelled ribosome-bound NCs (RNC) which are then extracted from E. coli cells for NMR analysis. A strategy is described that allows monitoring in situ the integrity of the RNC samples, and the attachment of the NC to its parent ribosome. Despite the high-molecular-weight of the ribosomal complexes, their instability and the low achievable sample concentrations, a range of useful NMR tools are being developed. Importantly, comparisons of 1H-13C methyl-TROSY HMQC and 1H-15N SOFAST-HMQC NMR spectra of the ddFLN-dom5-RNCs with the isolated domain in both native and denatured conditions allows the detailed analysis of the folding equilibrium of the RNC. A robust data analysis methodology was designed to optimise the significance of low signal to noise spectra. These NMR data reveal clear evidence for co-translational folding when the C-terminal end of the ddFLN-dom5 is at lengths 47 residues from the peptidyl transferase centre (PTC). At this and longer linking lengths, the chemical shifts observed for ddFLN-dom5-RNC are identical to those of the isolated native domain. The RNC resonances show heterogeneous linewidth indicative of conformational exchange between native and non-native states on the order of the chemical-shift timescale (ms). Overall, this study sets the stage for future opportunities for investigations of the structural and dynamical properties of RNCs at a residue-specific level.
|Title:||NMR investigations of co-translational protein folding on ribosomal particles|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Structural and Molecular Biology|
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