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Programmed fluctuations in sense/antisense transcript ratios drive sexual differentiation in S. pombe.

Bitton, DA; Grallert, A; Scutt, PJ; Yates, T; Li, Y; Bradford, JR; Hey, Y; ... Miller, CJ; + view all (2011) Programmed fluctuations in sense/antisense transcript ratios drive sexual differentiation in S. pombe. Mol Syst Biol , 7 559-. 10.1038/msb.2011.90.

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Abstract

Strand-specific RNA sequencing of S. pombe revealed a highly structured programme of ncRNA expression at over 600 loci. Waves of antisense transcription accompanied sexual differentiation. A substantial proportion of ncRNA arose from mechanisms previously considered to be largely artefactual, including improper 3' termination and bidirectional transcription. Constitutive induction of the entire spk1+, spo4+, dis1+ and spo6+ antisense transcripts from an integrated, ectopic, locus disrupted their respective meiotic functions. This ability of antisense transcripts to disrupt gene function when expressed in trans suggests that cis production at native loci during sexual differentiation may also control gene function. Consistently, insertion of a marker gene adjacent to the dis1+ antisense start site mimicked ectopic antisense expression in reducing the levels of this microtubule regulator and abolishing the microtubule-dependent 'horsetail' stage of meiosis. Antisense production had no impact at any of these loci when the RNA interference (RNAi) machinery was removed. Thus, far from being simply 'genome chatter', this extensive ncRNA landscape constitutes a fundamental component in the controls that drive the complex programme of sexual differentiation in S. pombe.

Type: Article
Title: Programmed fluctuations in sense/antisense transcript ratios drive sexual differentiation in S. pombe.
Location: England
DOI: 10.1038/msb.2011.90
Keywords: Databases, Nucleic Acid, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Genes, Fungal, Meiosis, Microbiological Phenomena, RNA, Antisense, RNA, Fungal, RNA, Small Interfering, RNA, Untranslated, Schizosaccharomyces, Systems Biology, Transcription, Genetic
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1335529
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