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Laser Doppler Flowmetry for assessing localized scleroderma in children

Weibel, L; Howell, KJ; Visentin, MT; Rudiger, A; Denton, CP; Zulian, F; Woo, P; (2007) Laser Doppler Flowmetry for assessing localized scleroderma in children. ARTHRITIS RHEUM , 56 (10) 3489 - 3495. 10.1002/art.22920.

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Abstract

Objective. Assessment of disease activity is a major challenge in the management of children with localized scleroderma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) in comparison with infrared thermography in the detection of scleroderma disease activity.Methods. In 41 children with localized scleroderma, 111 lesions were assessed on 2 separate occasions, by clinical examination, LDF, and thermography. Measurements from contralateral areas of unaffected skin served as intrapatient controls, and differences in blood flow and temperature were calculated between the corresponding sites. The sensitivity and specificity to detect clinically active lesions were compared between LDF and thermography.Results. Seventy-five active lesions (34%) and 147 inactive lesions (66%) were identified clinically. The median relative increase in blood flow measured by LDF was +89% (range -69% to +449%) for clinically active lesions and +11% (range -46% to +302%) for clinically inactive lesions (P < 0.001). Thermography showed a median difference in temperature of +0.5 degrees C (range -0.1 degrees C to +4.1 degrees C and +0.3 degrees C (range -1.9 degrees C to +2.7 degrees C for clinically active lesions and clinically inactive lesions, respectively (P = 0.024). Using a cutoff level of 39% to indicate increase in blood flow, a sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 77% to detect clinically active lesions were observed; for thermography, no useful cutoff level was identified. The correlation between differences in blood flow and differences in temperature was small, but significant (r(2) = 0.120, P < 0.001).Conclusion. LDF is a helpful, noninvasive diagnostic technique that can be used to discriminate disease activity in children with localized scleroderma, and is more accurate than thermography for this purpose.

Type: Article
Title: Laser Doppler Flowmetry for assessing localized scleroderma in children
DOI: 10.1002/art.22920
Keywords: CUTANEOUS BLOOD-FLOW, METHOTREXATE, MORPHEA, SKIN, CORTICOSTEROIDS, THERMOGRAPHY, CHILDHOOD
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/133353
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