Anisotropic multi-scale fluid registration: evaluation in magnetic resonance breast imaging.
PHYS MED BIOL
5153 - 5174.
Registration using models of compressible viscous fluids has not found the general application of some other techniques (e.g. free-form-deformation (FFD)) despite its ability to model large diffeomorphic deformations. We report on a multi-resolution fluid registration algorithm which improves on previous work by (a) directly solving the Navier-Stokes equation at the resolution of the images, (b) accommodating image sampling anisotropy using semicoarsening and implicit smoothing in a full multi-grid (FMG) solver and (c) exploiting the inherent multi-resolution nature of FMG to implement a multi-scale approach. Evaluation is on five magnetic resonance (MR) breast images subject to six biomechanical deformation fields over 11 multi-resolution schemes. Quantitative assessment is by tissue overlaps and target registration errors and by registering using the known correspondences rather than image features to validate the fluid model. Context is given by comparison with a validated FFD algorithm and by application to images of volunteers subjected to large applied deformation. The results show that fluid registration of 3D breast MR images to sub-voxel accuracy is possible in minutes on a 1.6 GHz Linux-based Athlon processor with coarse solutions obtainable in a few tens of seconds. Accuracy and computation time are comparable to FFD techniques validated for this application.
|Title:||Anisotropic multi-scale fluid registration: evaluation in magnetic resonance breast imaging|
|Keywords:||NONRIGID REGISTRATION, MUTUAL INFORMATION, MR-IMAGES, DEFORMABLE REGISTRATION, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, DEFORMATIONS, VALIDATION, ALGORITHM, MODEL, TRANSFORMATION|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
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