The delayed type hypersensitivity response: a model for studying the defects in skin immunity in the old.
Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).
Immunity declines during ageing, however the mechanisms involved are not known. In this study we show that the cutaneous delayed type hypersensitivity response (DTH) to recall antigens is significantly decreased in old individuals and that this was unrelated to CCR4, CLA or CD11a expression or physical capacity for migration of CD4+ T cells. Instead, there was defective activation of dermal blood vessels of these subjects that resulted from decreased TNF-α secretion by macrophages after antigen-challenge in vivo. However, isolated skin macrophages from these subjects could be induced to secrete TNF-α after stimulation with TLR 1/2 or TLR 4 ligands in vitro, indicating that the defect is reversible. The decreased conditioning of tissue microenvironments by macrophage-derived cytokines may therefore lead to defective immunosurveillance by memory T cells. This may be a predisposing factor for the development of malignancy and infection in the skin during ageing.
|Title:||The delayed type hypersensitivity response: a model for studying the defects in skin immunity in the old|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Infection and Immunity (Division of) > Research Department of Immunology|
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