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Calibration of a spatial simulation model with volunteered geographical information

Birkin, M; Malleson, N; Hudson-Smith, A; Gray, S; Milton, R; (2011) Calibration of a spatial simulation model with volunteered geographical information. International Journal of Geographical Information Science , 25 (8) 1221 - 1239. 10.1080/13658816.2011.559169. Green open access

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Abstract

For many scientific disciplines, the continued progression of information technology has increased the availability of data, computation and analytical methodologies including simulation and visualisation. Geographical information science is no exception. In this article, we investigate the possibilities for deployment of e-infrastructures to inform spatial planning, analysis and policy-making. We describe an existing architecture that feeds both static and dynamic simulation models from a variety of sources, including not only administrative datasets but also attitudes and behaviours which are harvested online from crowds. This infrastructure also supports visualisation and computationally intensive processing. The main aim of this article is to illustrate how spatial simulation models can be calibrated with crowd-sourced data. We introduce an example in which popular attitudes to congestion charging in a major UK city (Manchester) were collected, with promotional support from a high-profile media organisation (the BBC). These data are used to estimate the parameters of a transport simulation model, using a hungry estimation procedure which is deployed within a high-performance computational grid. We indicate how the resulting model might be used to evaluate the impact of alternative policy options for regulating the traffic in Manchester. Whilst the procedure is novel in itself, we argue that greater credibility could be added by the incorporation of open-source simulation models and by the use of social networking mechanisms to share policy evaluations much more widely.

Type: Article
Title: Calibration of a spatial simulation model with volunteered geographical information
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13658816.2011.559169
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13658816.2011.559169
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published in International Journal of Geographical Information Science on 2011, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13658816.2011.559169."
Keywords: crowd-sourcing, simulation, calibration, e-infrastructure, E-social science, system, urban, infrastructure, elements, moses
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1330291
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