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Cigarettes, lung cancer, and coronary heart disease: the effects of inhalation and tar yield.

Higenbottam, T; Shipley, MJ; Rose, G; (1982) Cigarettes, lung cancer, and coronary heart disease: the effects of inhalation and tar yield. J Epidemiol Community Health , 36 (2) pp. 113-117. 10.1136/jech.36.2.113.

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Abstract

Ten-year mortality rates for lung cancer and coronary heart disease have been related to cigarette smoking habits in 17 475 male civil servants aged 40-64 and in sample of 8089 male British residents aged 35-69. Both diseases were more frequent in smokers. Lung cancer rates were higher overall for "non-inhalers", particularly in heavy smokers. Tar yield correlated with the risk of lung cancer in non-inhalers but less so in inhalers. Conversely, coronary deaths were more common among inhalers, and the effect of tar/nicotine yield (such as it was) was confined to inhalers. It appears that there are subtle interactions between the amount smoked, the tar/nicotine yield of the cigarette, and the style of smoking. Thus the effects of a change in cigarette characteristics are hard to predict, and they may be different for respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

Type: Article
Title: Cigarettes, lung cancer, and coronary heart disease: the effects of inhalation and tar yield.
Location: England
DOI: 10.1136/jech.36.2.113
Keywords: Adult, Aged, Animals, Coronary Disease, Humans, Lung Neoplasms, Male, Middle Aged, Plants, Toxic, Respiration, Risk, Smoke, Smoking, Tars, Tobacco, United Kingdom
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1328603
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