UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Smooth Muscle Proliferation and Role of the Prostacyclin (IP) Receptor in Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Falcetti, E; Hall, SM; Phillips, PG; Patel, J; Morrell, NW; Haworth, SG; Clapp, LH; (2010) Smooth Muscle Proliferation and Role of the Prostacyclin (IP) Receptor in Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. AM J RESP CRIT CARE , 182 (9) 1161 - 1170. 10.1164/rccm.201001-0011OC.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Rationale Prostacyclin analogs, used to treat idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), are assumed to work through prostacyclin (IP) receptors linked to cyclic AMP (cAMP) generation, although the potential to signal through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR gamma) exists.Objectives: IP receptor and PPAR gamma expression may be depressed in IPAH. We wished to determine if pathways remain functional and if analogs continue to inhibit smooth muscle proliferation.Methods: We used Western blotting to determine IP receptor expression in peripheral pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) from normal and IPAH lungs and immunohistochemistry to evaluate IP receptor and PPAR gamma expression in distal arteries.Measurements and Main Results: Cell proliferation and cAMP assays assessed analog responses in human and mouse PASMCs and HEK-293 cells. Proliferative rates of IPAH cells were greater than normal human PASMCs. IP receptor protein levels were lower in PASMCs from patients with IPAH, but treprostinil reduced replication and treprostinil-induced cAMP elevation appeared normal. Responses to prostacyclin analogs were largely dependent on the IP receptor and cAMP in normal PASMCs, although in IP-/- receptor cells analogs inhibited growth in a cAMP-independent, PPAR gamma-dependent manner. In IPAH cells, antiproliferative responses to analogs were insensitive to IP receptor or adenylyl cyclase antagonists but were potentiated by a PPAR gamma agonist and inhibited (similar to 60%) by the PPAR gamma antagonist GW9662. This coincided with increased PPAR gamma expression in the medial layer of acinar arteries.Conclusions: The antiproliferative effects of prostacyclin analogs are preserved in IPAH despite IP receptor down-regulation and abnormal coupling. PPAR gamma may represent a previously unrecognized pathway by which these agents inhibit smooth muscle proliferation.

Type: Article
Title: Smooth Muscle Proliferation and Role of the Prostacyclin (IP) Receptor in Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201001-0011OC
Keywords: prostacyclin analogues, human pulmonary smooth muscle cell proliferation, IP receptor, cyclic AMP, proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, PPAR-GAMMA, ANALOGS, GROWTH, ACTIVATION, EXPRESSION, THROMBOXANE, CHILDREN, SURVIVAL, DISTINCT, DISEASE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Pre-clinical and Fundamental Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/132837
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item