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Reconstructing former urban environments by combining geophysical electrical methods and geotechnical investigations - an example from Chania, Greece

Soupios, PM; Loupasakis, C; Vallianatos, F; (2008) Reconstructing former urban environments by combining geophysical electrical methods and geotechnical investigations - an example from Chania, Greece. J GEOPHYS ENG , 5 (2) 186 - 194. 10.1088/1742-2132/5/2/005.

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Abstract

Nowadays, geophysical prospecting is implemented in order to resolve a diversity of geological, hydrogeological, environmental and geotechnical problems. Although plenty of applications and a lot of research have been conducted in the countryside, only a few cases have been reported in the literature concerning urban areas, mainly due to high levels of noise present that aggravate most of the geophysical methods or due to spatial limitations that hinder normal method implementation. Among all geophysical methods, electrical resistivity tomography has proven to be a rapid technique and the most robust with regard to urban noise. This work presents a case study in the urban area of Chania (Crete Island, Greece), where electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) has been applied for the detection and identification of possible buried ancient ruins or other man-made structures, prior to the construction of a building. The results of the detailed geophysical survey indicated eight areas of interest providing resistivity anomalies. Those anomalies were analysed and interpreted combining the resistivity readings with the geotechnical borehole data and the historical bibliographic reports-referring to the 1940s (Xalkiadakis 1997 Industrial Archaeology in Chania Territory pp 51-62). The collected ERT-data were processed by applying advanced algorithms in order to obtain a 3D-model of the study area that depicts the interesting subsurface structures more clearly and accurately.

Type:Article
Title:Reconstructing former urban environments by combining geophysical electrical methods and geotechnical investigations - an example from Chania, Greece
DOI:10.1088/1742-2132/5/2/005
Keywords:3D geoelectrical tomography, urban and engineering geophysics, geotechnical investigation, APPARENT RESISTIVITY PSEUDOSECTIONS, INVERSION, AREAS, SMOOTH, MODELS, CRETE, SETS
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Earth Sciences

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