High-speed optical fibre transmission using advanced modulation formats.
Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).
The rapid growth in interactive bandwidth-hungry services demands ever higher capacity at various stages of the optical network, leading to a potential capacity exhaust, termed the capacity crunch. The main aim of the research work described in this thesis was to help solve the potential capacity crunch by exploring techniques to increase the data rate, spectral efficiency and reach of optical fibre systems. The focus was on the use of advanced signal modulation formats, including optical time-division multiplexing (OTDM), quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK), and 16-state quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM16). QPSK and QAM16 modulations formats were studied in combination with coherent detection and digital signal processing (DSP) for the compensation of transmission impairments. In addition, return-to-zero (RZ) pulses were explored to increase the tolerance towards nonlinearity for coherently detected signals, and nonlinearity compensation (NLC) through the DSP. Initially, to maximise the bit-rate, research was focused on the study of OTDM transmission at 80Gbit/s with the aim to optimise the phase difference between the adjacent OTDM channels. A new technique to achieve bit-wise phase control using a phase-stabilised fibre interferometer was proposed. Faced with a limited fibre capacity, the need to maximise the spectral efficiency became paramount, and thus the need to use phase, amplitude and polarisation domains for signal transmission. In combination with coherent detection the research focused on the performance of optical fibre systems using QPSK and QAM16 modulation formats, including their generation, transmission and detection in single-channel and WDM regimes. This included the study of the impact of pulse shapes, and the mitigation of linear and nonlinear transmission impairments with receiver-based DSP at bit-rates ranging from 42.7 to 224Gbit/s. The technique demonstrated for bit-wise phase control for OTDM was successfully used to demonstrate a new method for QAM16 signal generation. Longest transmission distances (up to 10160km in 112Gbit/s QPSK, 4240km in 112Gbit/s QAM16, and 2000km in 224Gbit/s QAM16) have been achieved with the use of NLC and RZ pulses. The efficiency of these two techniques is explored through a comprehensive set of experiments in both single-channel and WDM transmission experiments. The results can be used in the design of future optical transmission systems.
|Title:||High-speed optical fibre transmission using advanced modulation formats|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Electronic and Electrical Engineering|
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