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Recent advances in designs, approaches and materials in total knee replacement: literature review and evidence today.

Wong, JM; Khan, WS; Chimutengwende-Gordon, M; Dowd, GS; (2011) Recent advances in designs, approaches and materials in total knee replacement: literature review and evidence today. J Perioper Pract , 21 (5) 165 - 171.

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Abstract

Ever since Themistocles Gluck described the use of an ivory cup as a tibial hemiarthroplasty in 1894, knee arthoplasty has continued to evolve. Both human ingenuity and intensive clinical research has led to an improved understanding of biomaterials and knee kinematics, resulting in the modern total knee replacement which has enjoyed such a clinical and commercial success. As it increases in popularity, attempts to improve knee arthroplasty have been driven by demands for improved function and implant survival, particularly in younger, more demanding patients. Research continues to see if advances in implant instrumentation, materials and design will translate into improved clinical outcomes and longevity.

Type:Article
Title:Recent advances in designs, approaches and materials in total knee replacement: literature review and evidence today.
Location:England
Language:English
Keywords:Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee, Biocompatible Materials, Biomechanical Phenomena, Evidence-Based Medicine, Female, Humans, Male, Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of) > Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Science

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