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Investigation of lighting levels for pedestrians: some questions about lighting levels of current lighting standards

Fujiyama, T; Childs, C; Boampong, D; Tyler, N; (2005) Investigation of lighting levels for pedestrians: some questions about lighting levels of current lighting standards. UNSPECIFIED, Zurich, Switzerland.

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Abstract

Safe environments for walking at night are essential to promote more walking. Creationof such safe environments also contributes to more creation of walking culture. On thecontrary, much research on creation of safe walking environments has tended to focuson walking in the daytime, and thus far little attention has been paid to walkingenvironments at nighttime. It is assumed that, at nighttime, people become moresensitive to approaching persons or objects in the interests of safety. On the other hand,the amount of visual information that people can gather decreases because of lowilluminance. In order to create a more walkable city, more attention should be given towalking environments at nighttime, especially to creation of safe environments.It is imperative to understand the behaviour and perception of pedestrians in darkconditions in order to realise safe walking environments for the nighttime. This paperfocuses on the extent to which lighting affects the behaviour and perception ofpedestrians. This is because the increase of the lighting level is an effective way toimprove walking environments at nighttime.The origin of today?s standards for street lighting in residential areas was established inthe 1980?s. Since then, there has been much progress in not only understanding ofbehaviour and perception of people but also technologies for lighting. It would be ofvalue to review and update the background of lighting standards.Following a brief review of the background of lighting standards, this paper describes anexperiment set up in the Pedestrian Accessibility and Movement Environment laboratory(PAMELA) at UCL to explore how people act under different lighting conditions. Thepaper then suggests some ideas about lighting design for safe walking environments.

Type:Other
Title:Investigation of lighting levels for pedestrians: some questions about lighting levels of current lighting standards
Additional information:Imported via OAI, 7:29:01 8th Dec 2005
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering

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