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Absence of effects of Sir2 overexpression on lifespan in C. elegans and Drosophila

Burnett, C; Valentini, S; Cabreiro, F; Goss, M; Somogyvari, M; Piper, MD; Hoddinott, M; ... Gems, D; + view all (2011) Absence of effects of Sir2 overexpression on lifespan in C. elegans and Drosophila. NATURE , 477 (7365) 482 - U136. 10.1038/nature10296.

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Abstract

Overexpression of sirtuins(NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases) has been reported to increase lifespan in budding yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster(1-3). Studies of the effects of genes on ageing are vulnerable to confounding effects of genetic background(4). Here were-examined the reported effects of sirtuin overexpression on ageing and found that standardization of genetic background and the use of appropriate controls abolished the apparent effects in both C. elegans and Drosophila. In C. elegans, outcrossing of a line with high-level sir-2.1 overexpression(1) abrogated the longevity increase, but did not abrogate sir-2.1 overexpression. Instead, longevity co-segregated with a second-site mutation affecting sensory neurons. Outcrossing of a line with low-copy-number sir-2.1 overexpression(2) also abrogated longevity. A Drosophila strain with ubiquitous overexpression of dSir2 using the UAS-GAL4 system was long-lived relative to wild-type controls, as previously reported(3), but was not long-lived relative to the appropriate transgenic controls, and nor was a new line with stronger overexpression of dSir2. These findings underscore the importance of controlling for genetic background and for the mutagenic effects of transgene insertions in studies of genetic effects on lifespan. The life-extending effect of dietary restriction on ageing in Drosophila has also been reported to be dSir2 dependent(3). We found that dietary restriction increased fly lifespan independently of dSir2. Our findings do not rule out a role for sirtuins in determination of metazoan lifespan, but they do cast doubt on the robustness of the previously reported effects of sirtuins on lifespan in C. elegans and Drosophila.

Type: Article
Title: Absence of effects of Sir2 overexpression on lifespan in C. elegans and Drosophila
DOI: 10.1038/nature10296
Keywords: POSITION-EFFECT VARIEGATION, SMALL-MOLECULE ACTIVATORS, CAENORHABDITIS-ELEGANS, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, DIETARY RESTRICTION, CALORIE RESTRICTION, RESVERATROL, LONGEVITY, SIRTUINS, GENETICS
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Structural and Molecular Biology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1323647
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