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The influence of diagnostic labels on stigma toward people with schizophrenia and intellectual disability

Connolly, TC; (2011) The influence of diagnostic labels on stigma toward people with schizophrenia and intellectual disability. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Aims: The main purpose of this study is to explore the effects of labelling on the general public's reactions to people with schizophrenia and intellectual disability. Method: A total of 1233 adult members of the UK general population were randomly presented with either diagnostically labelled or unlabelled case vignettes depicting someone with schizophrenia and intellectual disability. Causal beliefs, emotional reactions and social distance were assessed in response to each vignette. Results: Labelling increased beliefs that the causes of schizophrenia and intellectual disability are biomedical. It also had a positive, but small, direct effect on emotional reactions and willingness for social contact. However, examination of links between causal beliefs and emotional reactions revealed additional undesirable effects of labelling. Conclusions: Labelling has complex effects on stigma toward people with schizophrenia and intellectual disability. It is important to attend to the cognitive, emotional and behavioural components of stigma.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:The influence of diagnostic labels on stigma toward people with schizophrenia and intellectual disability
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
Additional information:Thesis in two volumes: volume 2 is restricted

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