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Excess cases of prostate cancer and estimated overdiagnosis associated with PSA testing in East Anglia

Pashayan, N; Powles, J; Brown, C; Duffy, SW; (2006) Excess cases of prostate cancer and estimated overdiagnosis associated with PSA testing in East Anglia. BRIT J CANCER , 95 (3) 401 - 405. 10.1038/sj.bjc.6603246.

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Abstract

This study aimed to estimate the extent of 'overdiagnosis' of prostate cancer attributable to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing in the Cambridge area between 1996 and 2002. Overdiagnosis was defined conceptually as detection of prostate cancer through PSA testing that otherwise would not have been diagnosed within the patient's lifetime. Records of PSA tests in Addenbrookes Hospital were linked to prostate cancer registrations by NHS number. Differences in prostate cancer registration rates between those receiving and not receiving prediagnosis PSA tests were calculated. The proportion of men aged 40 years or over with a prediagnosis PSA test increased from 1.4 to 5.2% from 1996 to 2002. The rate of diagnosis of prostate cancer was 45% higher (rate ratios (RR) = 1.45, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.02-2.07) in men with a history of prediagnosis PSA testing. Assuming average lead times of 5 to 10 years, 40-64% of the PSA-detected cases were estimated to be overdiagnosed. In East Anglia, from 1996 to 2000, a 1.6% excess of cases was associated with PSA testing (around a quarter of the 5.3% excess incidence cases observed in East Anglia from 1996 to 2000). Further quantification of the overdiagnosis will result from continued surveillance and from linkage of incidence to testing in other hospitals.

Type: Article
Title: Excess cases of prostate cancer and estimated overdiagnosis associated with PSA testing in East Anglia
DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6603246
Keywords: excess cases, overdiagnosis, PSA, prostate cancer, INCIDENCE TRENDS, LEAD-TIME, ANTIGEN, OVERDETECTION
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Applied Health Research
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1321858
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