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An analysis of 50mK and 300mK cryogenic environments for future ESA science missions

Reed, J; Perkinson, MC; D'Arrigo, P; Geelen, K; Hepburn, I; Brockley-Blatt, C; ... Bradshaw, T; + view all (2008) An analysis of 50mK and 300mK cryogenic environments for future ESA science missions. In: AIP Conference Proceedings. (pp. 1640 - 1647).

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Abstract

A number of future European Space Agency (ESA), science missions may require detector cooling to sub-Kelvin temperatures. One such mission is the X-ray Evolving Universe Spectroscopy (XEUS), mission, which is a candidate for the ESA Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 plan, following XMM-Newton and Chandra. The Detector Spacecraft model payload comprises a passively cooled wide-field camera at 200K, and one of two narrow-field instruments at 300mK and 50mK. As with several other science missions, the required lifetime is at least 5 years, with a 10 year goal, necessitating the use of long-life closed cycle cooling systems. Under contract to ESA, Astrium has worked with the Mullard Space Science Laboratory (MSSL), Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL), and CEA-SBT, to propose a payload accommodation design for XEUS capable of meeting the demanding requirements. Our baseline consists of a two stage Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator (ADR), at 50mK, and a helium sorption cooler at 300mK. Each system will be pre-cooled by a closed cycle J-T system, similar to Planck, at 2.5K or 4K, which itself will be pre-cooled by a two-stage Stirling cycle cooler, at 17K or 18K. This paper describes the mission, and discusses the cryogenic architectures in depth. © 2008 American Institute of Physics.

Type:Proceedings paper
Title:An analysis of 50mK and 300mK cryogenic environments for future ESA science missions
DOI:10.1063/1.2908532
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Space and Climate Physics

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