UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Polymorphisms in the TNFA gene promoter region show evidence of strong linkage disequilibrium with HLA and are associated with delayed neutrophil engraftment in unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Shaw, BE; Maldonado, H; Madrigal, JA; Smith, C; Petronzelli, F; Mayor, NP; Potter, MN; ... Marsh, SGE; + view all (2004) Polymorphisms in the TNFA gene promoter region show evidence of strong linkage disequilibrium with HLA and are associated with delayed neutrophil engraftment in unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Tissue Antigens , 63 (5) pp. 401-411. 10.1111/j.0001-2815.2004.00218.x.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Sustained myeloid engraftment is an important determinant of outcome in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Human tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α is encoded by a gene, TNFA, located in the class III region of the major histocompatibility complex on chromosome 6, flanked by the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and II regions. A number of polymorphisms in the promoter region of the TNFA gene have been associated with increased production of TNF-α in vivo. Additionally, raised TNF-α levels have been reported to have a detrimental effect on the outcome in HSCT, in particular on early complications such as acute graft vs host disease, failure to engraft, and transplant-related mortality. There is evidence of linkage disequilibrium (LD) between TNFA promoter polymorphisms and extended HLA haplotypes. We have genotyped 73 cell lines and 189 donor/recipient pairs (undergoing HSCT) for their TNFA polymorphism, all of which had been well characterized with respect to their HLA genes. We found evidence of strong LD between HLA genes and TNFA; however, there was also evidence for recombination events having taken place, as we found that a number of transplant pairs who were matched for their HLA haplotypes were not matched for their TNFA alleles. We analyzed early outcomes in the transplant recipients and found a significant delay in engraftment in those pairs where both donor and recipients possessed an AG allele (associated with higher TNF-α levels). Our results suggest a functional effect of TNFA polymorphisms on myeloid engraftment in unrelated HSCT.

Type: Article
Title: Polymorphisms in the TNFA gene promoter region show evidence of strong linkage disequilibrium with HLA and are associated with delayed neutrophil engraftment in unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
DOI: 10.1111/j.0001-2815.2004.00218.x
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1320484
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item