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Relationship of IgG and IgM autoantibodies and immune complexes to oxidized LDL with markers of oxidation and inflammation and cardiovascular events: results from the EPIC-Norfolk Study

Ravandi, A; Boekholdt, SM; Mallat, Z; Talmud, PJ; Kastelein, JJP; Wareham, NJ; ... Tsimikas, S; + view all (2011) Relationship of IgG and IgM autoantibodies and immune complexes to oxidized LDL with markers of oxidation and inflammation and cardiovascular events: results from the EPIC-Norfolk Study. J LIPID RES , 52 (10) 1829 - 1836. 10.1194/jlr.M015776. Gold open access

Abstract

Levels of IgG and IgM autoantibodies (AA) to malondialdehyde (MDA)-LDL and apoB-immune complexes (ICs) were measured in 748 cases and 1,723 controls in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort and their association to coronary artery disease (CAD) events determined. We evaluated whether AA and IC modify CAD risk associated with secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) type IIA mass and activity, lipoprotein-associated PLA(2) activity, lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], oxidized phospholipids on apoB-100 (OxPL/apoB), myeloperoxidase, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein. IgG ICs were higher in cases versus controls (P = 0.02). Elevated levels of IgM AA and IC were inversely associated with Framingham Risk Score and number of metabolic syndrome criteria (p range 0.02-0.001). In regression analyses adjusted for age, smoking, diabetes, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure, the highest tertiles of IgG and IgM AA and IC were not associated with higher risk of CAD events compared with the lowest tertiles. However, elevated levels of IgM IC reduced the risk of Lp(a) (P = 0.006) and elevated IgG MDA-LDL potentiated the risk of sPLA(2) mass (P = 0.018). This epidemiological cohort of initially healthy subjects shows that IgG and IgM AA and IC are not independent predictors of CAD events but may modify CAD risk associated with elevated levels of oxidative biomarkers.-Ravandi, A., S. M. Boekholdt, Z. Mallat, P. J. Talmud, J. J. P. Kastelein, N. J. Wareham, E. R. Miller, J. Benessiano, A Tedgui, J. L. Witztum, K-T. Khaw, and S. Tsimikas. Relationship of IgG and IgM autoantibodies and immune complexes to oxidized LDL with markers of oxidation and inflammation and cardiovascular events: results from the EPIC-Norfolk Study. J. Lipid Res. 2011. 52: 1829-1836.

Type:Article
Title:Relationship of IgG and IgM autoantibodies and immune complexes to oxidized LDL with markers of oxidation and inflammation and cardiovascular events: results from the EPIC-Norfolk Study
Open access status:An open access publication
DOI:10.1194/jlr.M015776
Keywords:atherosclerosis, antibody, oxidation, low density lipoprotein, LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN, CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE, RECEPTOR-DEFICIENT MICE, APPARENTLY HEALTHY-MEN, MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, SECRETORY PHOSPHOLIPASE-A2, CAROTID ATHEROSCLEROSIS, 50-YEAR-OLD MEN, STATIN THERAPY, HEART-DISEASE
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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