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John Bull's Other Homes: State Housing and British Policy in Ireland, c.1883-1922

Fraser, M; (1996) John Bull's Other Homes: State Housing and British Policy in Ireland, c.1883-1922. [Book]. Liverpool University Press: Liverpool, UK.

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Abstract

This book argues that housing policy formed a significant and volatile element in colonial relations between Ireland and Great Britain from the 1880s to the early-1920s and that, as a result, early state housing in Ireland was a profoundly Anglo-Irish creation. Using research from both Irish and Westminster sources, it shows that there was a recurrent pressure for the state to intervene in housing in Ireland in a period when the 'Irish Question' was the major domestic political issue. What emerges is that the basis for subsequent state housing policy in Britain (direct financial subsidy from a central exchequer linked with the use of officially-recommended house-plan types) was first introduced in Ireland. The pioneering subsidy programme in Ireland, the result of nationalist agitation by the Irish Parliamentary Party after the 'Land War' of the early-1880s, had by 1914 built nearly 50,000 rural cottages for agricultural labourers. Widespread concern about the housing problems of Irish towns and cities also saw the issue become enmeshed with violent urban upheavals such as the 1913/14 Dublin Strike and the 1916 Easter Rising. in parallel with policy developments, there was a continued attempt to introduce British garden suburb principles through initiative like the 1914 Dublin Town Plan Competition. Post-war Irish housing legislation finally codified garden suburb design as the new orthodoxy, but opposition from Sinn Fein and a disadvantageous subsidy system meant that little could be built in the run up to independence and partition in 1922.

Type: Book
Title: John Bull's Other Homes: State Housing and British Policy in Ireland, c.1883-1922
ISBN: 0853236704
Keywords: Architecture, State housing, Colonial policy in Ireland, Garden suburb design, Architectural history & theory, Urbanism
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School > Bartlett School of Architecture
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1319502
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