Ottini, L; Rizzolo, P; Zanna, I; Falchetti, M; Masala, G; Ceccarelli, K; ... Palli, D; + view all Ottini, L; Rizzolo, P; Zanna, I; Falchetti, M; Masala, G; Ceccarelli, K; Vezzosi, V; Gulino, A; Giannini, G; Bianchi, S; Sera, F; Palli, D; - view fewer (2009) BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation status and clinical-pathologic features of 108 male breast cancer cases from Tuscany: a population-based study in central Italy. BREAST CANCER RES TR , 116 (3) 577 - 586. 10.1007/s10549-008-0194-z.
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Background Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare and scarcely investigated disease. The strongest genetic risk factor for MBC is represented by inherited BRCA2 mutations, whereas the association between MBC and BRCA1 mutations is less clear. MBC appears to be biologically similar to breast cancer in females, however the phenotypic characteristics of BRCA1/2-related MBCs are not yet well elucidated. Objective To investigate the genetic and phenotypic characteristics of MBC in a large and well-characterized population-based series of 108 MBCs from Tuscany (Central Italy) and to evaluate associations between BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation status and clinical-pathological features including breast/ovarian cancer first-degree family history, tumor histology and grade, proliferative activity, estrogen/progesterone receptors (ER/PR) and epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression. Results BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations were identified in ten MBCs, in particular, two cases (1.9%) carried BRCA1 and eight cases (7.4%) carried BRCA2 mutations. The same BRCA1 mutation (3347delAG) was detected in two unrelated MBC cases. Three novel BRCA2 pathogenic mutations were found. Statistically significant associations emerged between BRCA2-related tumors and absence of PR expression (P = 0.008), HER2 over-expression (P = 0.002) and high tumor grade (P = 0.005). Conclusions Here, we (i) reported that in our population about 9% of MBC cases are accounted for by BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations; (ii) enlarged the BRCA2 mutational spectrum and (iii) characterized a specific phenotype associated with BRCA2-related MBCs suggestive of aggressive behavior. Overall, our results may have important implications on clinical management for this rare disease.
|Title:||BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation status and clinical-pathologic features of 108 male breast cancer cases from Tuscany: a population-based study in central Italy|
|Keywords:||Male breast cancer, BRCA1, BRCA2, Germ-line mutations, Clinical-pathologic features, LARGE GENOMIC REARRANGEMENTS, BRCA2 MUTATIONS, BREAST/OVARIAN CANCER, HIGH-RISK, FAMILIES, EXPRESSION, CHEK2, IDENTIFICATION, MANAGEMENT, PHENOTYPE|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Child Health > Department of Population Health Sciences > ICH - Paediatric Epidemiology Unit|
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