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Some pharmacological studies on the spastic mouse

Biscoe, TJ; Fry, JP; (1982) Some pharmacological studies on the spastic mouse. British Journal of Pharmacology , 75 (1) pp. 23-35. 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1982.tb08754.x.

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Abstract

1 Full-wave rectification and integration of the EMG signal recorded from the hamstring muscles of the spastic mouse was used to evaluate the actions of a variety of drugs on the muscle rigidity of these mutants, animals in which no histological lesion has yet been found. 2 Profound and long-lasting muscle relaxant responses were consistently observed upon the injection of diazepam (2 mg/kg, i.p.) and flunitrazepam (2 mg/kg, i.p.). Such responses were always greater than those obtained upon injection of 40% (v/v) propylene glycol (10 ml/kg) alone, the vehicle for the benzodiazepines. 3 The muscle relaxant action of a low dose (0.25 mg/kg i.p.) of the benzodiazepine Roll-6896 was not shared by the same dose of its enantiomer Roll-6893. 4 Profound and long-lasting muscle relaxation was caused by sodium valproate (696 mg/kg, i.p.). Consistent muscle relaxant responses were also observed upon the injection of pentobarbitone (30 mg/kg, i.p.), but not phenobarbitone (30 mg/kg, i.p.). 5 Other drugs that had little or no detectable effect on the muscle rigidity of the spastic mouse included diphenylhydantoin (30 mg/kg, i.p.) and bromocriptine (10 mg/kg, s.c.) while, in some animals, benztropine (2 mg/kg, i.p.) and baclofen (10 mg/kg, i.p.) increased muscle rigidity. 6 The development of full muscle relaxant responses to flunitrazepam (2 mg/kg, i.p.) and to sodium valproate (696 mg/kg, i.p.) was shown to depend upon mild warming of the animals with radiant heat, a procedure which can increase muscle spindle afferent input to the spinal cord. 7 The results suggest a hyperactivity of stretch reflexes in the spastic mouse, ameliorated selectively by those drugs that enhance the GABA-mediated presynaptic inhibition of such pathways.

Type: Article
Title: Some pharmacological studies on the spastic mouse
Location: ENGLAND
DOI: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1982.tb08754.x
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.1982.tb08754...
Language: English
Keywords: Animals, Anticonvulsants, Benzodiazepines, Electromyography, Female, Male, Mice, Mice, Mutant Strains, Muscle Relaxants, Central, Muscle Relaxation, Muscle Spasticity, Muscles, gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1318327
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