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Modelling bladder-collapse flow

Tziannaros, M.; (2011) Modelling bladder-collapse flow. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The thesis is concerned with the modelling of urinary motion during bladder collapse and is mathematically based. The bladder model as a collapsing vessel is developed as a step towards complementing use of nomograms. Urine motion inside is taken as unsteady flow of incompressible fluid, while the dimensions and collapse rate of the vessel are prescribed using data which is close to realistic biological values. Evolutions of velocities, volume ow rates and effects of the collapse rate are examined. An introduction is made which includes lower urinary tract urodynamics as well as the unique feature that the bladder changes shape and size substantially compared with other vessels. An investigation of simple two-dimensional shapes takes place in chapter two, along with limiting cases for thin vessels. Chapter three analyses simple axisymmetric shapes especially the sphere because of its relevance in addition to its fundamental nature. Development of a numerical scheme is addressed in the next chapter to tackle more complex shapes through the boundary element method and an iterative finite difference scheme with emphasis on flexibility of approach. An extension to more advanced structures of the vessel is constructed in chapter five by means of a concise boundary condition and shape definition. Chapter six takes the work a step further as the approach is applied to axisymmetric configurations. While in an appendix, an extension to implement full viscous effects is then inspected. Finally, further work is discussed in the conclusion.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Modelling bladder-collapse flow
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Mathematics

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