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Changing Settlement Patterns for Home and Work in England and Wales 1981-2001

Demires Ozkul, B; (2011) Changing Settlement Patterns for Home and Work in England and Wales 1981-2001. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

The global economic shift into the knowledge economy in the 1970s had a profound effect on settlement structure in England and Wales. The physical changes brought on by the dismantling of the rigid manufacturing sector were compounded by an important socio-economic shift. The knowledge worker became a centrepiece of the post-industrial economy. The importance of specialised knowledge within the post-industrial firm brought these highly skilled workers on par with senior management resulting in a transformative effect on their choices of employment and housing. These changes are the centrepiece of contemporary economic, social and geographic research. However studies spanning these three theoretical spheres have been limited. This has deprived us of crucial theoretical links that would allow us to disentangle the complex changes that have occurred. This research is aimed at capturing the effects of this broad socio-economic transformation on the settlement structure of home and work in England and Wales. The analysis focuses on the changes in structural and functional change through the use of commuting data for 1981 through 2001. Changes are investigated by bringing together and expanding current spatial analysis techniques. The selection and composition of these techniques is informed by the major theoretical representations of employment and housing patterns and social structure. I have sought to provide a novel way of approaching and interpreting the effects of socio-economic change by combining these three different perspectives within a multi-variate spatial analysis framework that is relayed with consistent objects and attributes. Thus I have brought together theories in housing and labour economics as well as incorporating knowledge in social stratification. This has allowed me to unravel some of the complex settlement patterns that have been observed. These representations have also demonstrated their effectiveness in linking different strands of socio-economic theory through spatial analysis, providing a bridge between these fields.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Changing Settlement Patterns for Home and Work in England and Wales 1981-2001
Language:English
Keywords:Commuting, census, labour, England, Wales, population, demography, industry
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School > Bartlett School of Planning

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