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Dental caries experience of British children in an international context

Downer, MC; Drugan, CS; Blinkhorn, AS; (2005) Dental caries experience of British children in an international context. COMMUNITY DENT HLTH , 22 (2) 86 - 93.

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Abstract

Objectives To document data on current and past levels of dental decay in British children and compare trends with those in other countries, in Europe in particular. Method Data were abstracted from multiple sources and collated and tabulated. Results The dental health of the majority of British children has improved dramatically since the early 1970s. Twelve-year-old children now have on average less than one decayed, missing (extracted) or filled tooth. Levels of dental decay in UK children at 5 and 12 years are among the lowest in the world. There are still marked inequalities in the dental decay experience of children between the territorial regions of the UK, high and low socio-economic groups, and regular and symptomatic dental attenders. Many children in areas of deprivation are either not motivated to seek dental treatment or experience barriers in obtaining it. In parallel with improvements in the dental health of the majority of children, the proportion of UK adults who have no natural teeth has fallen from 37% to 12% over the past four decades. Total tooth loss is now confined almost entirely to individuals over 45 years of age. Most of the improvements in children's dental health are attributable to environmental factors, in particular the widespread availability of fluoride containing toothpastes since the 1970s. There are clear benefits from fluoridation of public water supplies over and above those attributable to other factors. Conclusions The findings suggest initiatives should be directed to bringing children from deprived backgrounds under the umbrella of dental care. To help alleviate the inequalities in dental health, water fluoridation should be implemented, in urban industrial areas in particular, where levels of dental decay are still unacceptably high.

Type: Article
Title: Dental caries experience of British children in an international context
Keywords: dental caries, international experience, prevalence, sub groups, trends, COMMUNITY-DENTISTRY, 5-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN, UNITED-KINGDOM, ASSOCIATION
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1316223
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