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Stability and Change in Levels of Depression and Personality A Follow-up Study of Postpartum Depressed Mothers That Were Hospitalized in a Mother-Infant Unit

Vliegen, N; Luyten, P; Besser, A; Casalin, S; Kempke, S; Tang, E; (2010) Stability and Change in Levels of Depression and Personality A Follow-up Study of Postpartum Depressed Mothers That Were Hospitalized in a Mother-Infant Unit. J NERV MENT DIS , 198 (1) 45 - 51. 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181c8aa57.

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Abstract

This prospective longitudinal study investigated the role of the personality dimensions of dependency and self-criticism in the course of depressive symptoms in a sample of inpatient severely postpartum depressed mothers (n = 55). Depressive symptoms and personality were measured during hospitalization and on average 3 1/2 years later. In line with previous research, a considerable subgroup of mothers (39%) reported moderate to severe symptoms of depression at time 2. In addition, although these mothers did not exhibit more depressive episodes during follow-Lip period compared with mothers with a less chronic course of depression, their depressive episodes were considerably longer, and they had higher levels of severity of depression as well as of dependency and self-criticism at Time 1. Finally, self-criticism, but not dependency, assessed at Time I. predicted both depression diagnosis and levels of depression at follow-up, supporting a vulnerability model positing that self-criticism confers vulnerability for depression over time.

Type: Article
Title: Stability and Change in Levels of Depression and Personality A Follow-up Study of Postpartum Depressed Mothers That Were Hospitalized in a Mother-Infant Unit
DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181c8aa57
Keywords: Postpartum depression, follow up, dependency, self-criticism, personality, LIFE-HISTORY CALENDAR, SELF-CRITICISM, POSTNATAL DEPRESSION, ANTENATAL ATTACHMENT, MATERNAL DEPRESSION, MEDIATING ROLE, DEPENDENCY, SYMPTOMS, VULNERABILITY, TRANSITION
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1314193
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