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Dissection of the calcium channel domains responsible for modulation of neuronal voltage-dependent calcium channels by G proteins

Dolphin, AC; Page, KM; Berrow, NS; Stephens, GJ; Canti, C; (1999) Dissection of the calcium channel domains responsible for modulation of neuronal voltage-dependent calcium channels by G proteins. MOLECULAR AND FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY OF ION CHANNELS AND RECEPTORS , 868 160 - 174.

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Abstract

The molecular determinants for G-protein regulation of neuronal calcium channels remain controversial, We have generated a series of alpha 1B/alpha 1E chimeric channels, since rat brain alpha 1E (rbEII), unlike human alpha 1E, showed no G-protein modulation. The study, carried out in parallel using D2 receptor modulation of calcium currents in Xenopus oocytes of G beta gamma modulation of calcium currents in COS-7 cells, consistently showed an essential role for domain I (from the N terminus to the end of the I-II loop) of the alpha 1B Ca2+ channel in G-protein regulation, with no additional effect of the C terminal of alpha 1B, The I-II loop alone of alpha 1B, or the I-II loop together with the C-terminal tail, was insufficient to confer G-protein modulation of alpha 1E (rbEII). We have further observed that the alpha 1E clone rbEII is truncated at the N-terminus compared to other alpha 1 subunits, and we isolated a PCR product from rat brain equivalent to a longer N-terminal isoform. The long N-terminal alpha 1E, unlike the short form, showed G-protein modulation. Furthermore, the equivalent truncation of alpha 1B (Delta N1-55) abolished G-protein modulation of alpha 1B. Thus, we propose that the N terminus of alpha 1B and alpha 1E calcium channels contains essential molecular determinants for membrane-delimited G-protein inhibition, and that other regions, including the I-II Loop and the C terminus, do not play a conclusive role alone.

Type: Article
Title: Dissection of the calcium channel domains responsible for modulation of neuronal voltage-dependent calcium channels by G proteins
Location: NEW YORK, NY
Keywords: BETA-GAMMA-SUBUNITS, ROOT GANGLION NEURONS, CA2+ CHANNEL, SYMPATHETIC NEURONS, K+ CHANNEL, PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES, SUBCELLULAR-DISTRIBUTION, FUNCTIONAL EXPRESSION, INTRACELLULAR LOOP, ALPHA(1A) SUBUNIT
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/131334
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