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Adenosine and ATP Receptors in the Brain

Burnstock, G; Fredholm, BB; Verkhratsky, A; (2011) Adenosine and ATP Receptors in the Brain. CURR TOP MED CHEM , 11 (8) 973 - 1011.

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Abstract

There is a widespread presence of both adenosine (P1) and P2 nucleotide receptors in the brain on both neurones and glial cells. Adenosine receptors play a major role in presynaptic neuromodulation, while P2X receptors are involved in fast synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity. P2Y receptors largely mediate presynaptic activities. Both P1 and P2 receptors participate in neurone-glia interactions. Purinergic signalling is involved in control of cerebral vascular tone and remodelling. Examples of the roles of purinoceptors in neuropathology involve: A(2A) receptors in Parkinson's disease and epilepsy, P2 receptors in trauma, ischaemia, neuroinflammatory and neuropsychiatric disorders, and neuropathic pain.

Type:Article
Title:Adenosine and ATP Receptors in the Brain
Keywords:Ischaemia, CNS, glia, neurones, neurodegeneration, neuropathology, purinergic transmission, CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, LONG-TERM POTENTIATION, CEREBRAL-BLOOD-FLOW, CAPILLARY ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS, ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE, TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR, GATED ION CHANNELS, EXPERIMENTAL AUTOIMMUNE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, P2 PURINERGIC RECEPTORS, RAT HIPPOCAMPAL SLICES
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)

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