Purinergic signalling in autonomic control.
241 - 248.
Intercellular purinergic signalling, which utilizes ATP as a transmitter, is fundamental for the operation of the autonomic nervous system. ATP is released together with 'classical' transmitters from sympathetic and para-sympathetic nerves supplying various peripheral targets, modulates neurotransmission in autonomic ganglia, has an important role in local enteric neural control and coordination of intestinal secretion and motility, and acts as a common mediator for several distinct sensory modalities. Recently, the role of ATP-mediated signalling in the central nervous control of autonomic function has been addressed. Emerging data demonstrate that in the brain ATP is involved in the operation of several key cardiorespiratory reflexes, contributes to central processing of viscerosensory information, mediates central CO2 chemosensory transduction and triggers adaptive changes in breathing, and modulates the activities of the brainstem vagal preganglionic, presympathetic and respiratory neural networks.
|Title:||Purinergic signalling in autonomic control|
|Keywords:||NUCLEUS-TRACTUS-SOLITARII, P2X(2) RECEPTOR SUBUNIT, ENTERIC NERVOUS-SYSTEM, CARDIAC VAGAL NEURONS, PIG SMALL-INTESTINE, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE, SYNAPTIC-TRANSMISSION, P2Y(1) RECEPTOR, SENSORY NEURONS, AWAKE RATS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of) > Neuroscience, Physiology and Pharmacology|
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