Pharmacological properties of P2 receptors on rat otic parasympathetic ganglion neurons.
185 - 191.
To elucidate the pharmacological profile of P2X receptors and the probable expression of P2Y receptors in otic ganglion neurons from 17-day-old rats, single neurons were enzymatically isolated and maintained in tissue culture for up to 30 h. Whole-cell voltage-clamp recording was carried out at a holding potential of -60 mV. Most otic ganglion neurons responded to adenosine 51-triphosphate (ATP), 2-methylthio ATP (2MeSATP) and alpha, beta-methylene ATP (up-meATP) with sustained currents and EC50 values of 19 mu M, 47 mu M and 94 mu M, respectively. 2',3'-O-trinitrophenyl-ATP (TNP-ATP) inhibited the response to alpha beta-meATP and ATP with an IC50 values of 3.9 nM and 18.3 nM, respectively, which was closed to that observed in nodose neurons. The response to ATP was antagonized by suramin and cibacron blue. The dose-response curve of suramin against ATP response at a pH of 6.5 was shifted to the left compared to that at a pH of 7.4. Diinosine pentaphosphate (Ip(5)I), which blocks P2X(3), but not P2X(2/3)-mediated responses, had no effect on the currents evoked by ATP or alpha beta-meATP. In some neurons, uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP) induced a tiny, but long-lasting current with a mean amplitude of 0.034 +/- 0.011 nA. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) confirmed the expression of mRNAs for P2X(2), P2X(3), P2X(4), P2X(6) and P2X(7), but not for P2X(1) and P2X(5) receptors in otic ganglion. In conclusion, in rat otic ganglion neurons, P2X(2/3) heteromultimer receptors dominate, but P2X(7) and P2Y(2) or P2Y(4) receptors also play roles. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Title:||Pharmacological properties of P2 receptors on rat otic parasympathetic ganglion neurons|
|Keywords:||otic ganglion, ATP, P2X receptors, P2Y receptors, P2X RECEPTORS, DIINOSINE PENTAPHOSPHATE, FUNCTIONAL EXPRESSION, MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY, P2X(2/3) RECEPTORS, SENSORY NEURONS, SPLICE VARIANTS, ATP RECEPTOR, ANTAGONIST, SUBUNITS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)|
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