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EFFECT OF AN INCREASE IN SYSTEMIC BLOOD-PRESSURE ON NAILFOLD CAPILLARY-PRESSURE IN HUMANS

SHORE, AC; SANDEMAN, DD; TOOKE, JE; (1993) EFFECT OF AN INCREASE IN SYSTEMIC BLOOD-PRESSURE ON NAILFOLD CAPILLARY-PRESSURE IN HUMANS. AM J PHYSIOL , 265 (3) H820 - H823.

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Abstract

Moderate autoregulation of capillary pressure occurs during changes in arterial and/or venous pressure in animals. Whether an increase in systemic blood pressure is transmitted to capillaries in humans is unknown. Eight healthy volunteers performed isometric handgrip exercise (30% of maximum) while nailfold capillary pressure (CP) and digital arterial blood pressure (DBP) were measured in the contralateral hand. CP was measured for 40 s before exercise and 40-100 s during exercise. Only experiments with no change in pipette position and no artifactual changes in flow were accepted. Basal DBP was stable [91.5 +/- 12.7 mmHg (-40 to -20 s basal) and 91.3 +/- 11.8 mmHg (-20 to 0 s basal)], and isometric exercise increased DBP [100.4 +/- 13.9 mmHg (0-20 s exercise) and 103.1 +/- 15.3 mmHg (20-40 s exercise); P < 0.05]. CP was unchanged during the first 40 s of exercise [18.9 +/- 4.9 mmHg (-40 to 20 s basal), 18.9 +/- 5.2 mmHg (-20 to 0 s basal), 18.4 +/- 4.7 mmHg (0-20 s exercise), and 18.3 +/- 5.3 mmHg (20-40 s exercise)] and remained unchanged for up to 100 s (n = 5), despite a continued elevation of DBP. These data suggest that protective mechanisms minimize the transmission of increases in systemic blood pressure to the capillary bed in humans.

Type:Article
Title:EFFECT OF AN INCREASE IN SYSTEMIC BLOOD-PRESSURE ON NAILFOLD CAPILLARY-PRESSURE IN HUMANS
Keywords:CAPILLARY PRESSURE REGULATION, CUTANEOUS MICROCIRCULATION, ISOMETRIC EXERCISE, SKELETAL-MUSCLE, STATIC EXERCISE, SKIN, HANDGRIP
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences

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