Less is more: the potential of qualitative approaches in conservation research.
Conservation researchers are aware of the need to work with social sciences to manage human–wildlife interactions for better conservation outcomes, but extending natural science research approaches to a social science domain can compromise data quality and validity. As part of the interdisciplinary exchange between the natural and social sciences, this review contrasts structured questionnaire-based surveys with qualitative approaches to collecting social data, and clarifies contexts in which particular qualitative methods might be more effective when investigating human behaviour in conservation research. Although well-designed questionnaire-based surveys may be useful for population-level generalizations, complementary use of qualitative approaches can significantly enhance understanding of research context, underpinning formulation of representative sampling frames and pertinent research questions, and permitting greater accuracy in interpretation and analysis of data. Good qualitative data are necessary to an accurate understanding of categories, processes, relationships and perceptions, particularly critical in a cross-cultural context, significantly strengthening the internal validity of subsequent structured work. Furthermore, stand-alone qualitative research can also constitute a valuable and valid approach to matters critical to conservation research and to designing successful conservation initiatives, which cannot be effectively researched in any other way.
|Title:||Less is more: the potential of qualitative approaches in conservation research|
|Keywords:||conservation research, participant observation, qualitative reserach methods, quantitative research methods, questionnaires, researching attitudes, researching human behaviour, scientific validity, semi-structured interviews|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences|
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