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Congestion control for real-time interactive multimedia streams

Choi, S.-H.; (2011) Congestion control for real-time interactive multimedia streams. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The Internet is getting richer, and so the services. The richer the services, the more the users demand. The more they demand, the more we guarantee(1). This thesis investigates the congestion control mechanisms for interactive multimedia streaming applications. We start by raising a question as to why the congestion control schemes are not widely deployed in real-world applications, and study what options are available at present. We then discuss and show some of the good reasonings that might have made the control mechanism, specifically speaking the rate-based congestion control mechanism, not so attractive. In an effort to address the problems, we identify the existing problems from which the rate-based congestion control protocol cannot easily escape. We therefore propose a simple but novel windowbased congestion control protocol that can retain smooth throughput property while being fair when competing with TCP, yet still being responsive to the network changes. Through the extensive ns-2 simulations and the real-world experiments, we evaluate TFWC, our proposed mechanisms, and TFRC, the proposed IETF standard, in terms of network-oriented metrics (fairness, smoothness, stability, and responsive), and end-user oriented metrics (PSNR and MOS) to throughly study the protocol’s behaviors. We then discuss and conclude the options of the evaluated protocols for the real application. (1)We as congestion control mechanisms in the Internet.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Congestion control for real-time interactive multimedia streams
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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