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Wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) consumption affects the composition and structure of glycosaminoglycans in Sprague-Dawley rat aorta

Kalea, AZ; Lamari, FN; Theocharis, AD; Cordopatis, P; Schuschke, DA; Karamanos, NK; Klimis-Zacas, DJ; (2006) Wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) consumption affects the composition and structure of glycosaminoglycans in Sprague-Dawley rat aorta. J NUTR BIOCHEM , 17 (2) 109 - 116. 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2005.05.015.

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Abstract

It has been documented that increased intake of polyphenols may provide protection against coronary heart disease and stroke. Blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium) are one of the richest sources of antioxidants among fruits and vegetables. Phenolic compounds from berry extracts inhibit human low density lipoprotein and liposome oxidation. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and proteoglycans (PGs) are structural components of aortas with great structural diversity. Their interaction with compounds such as enzymes, cytokines, growth factors, proteins and lipoproteins and their Subsequent role in degenerative diseases has been documented. We investigated the effects of a diet rich in blueberries on the content and structure of GAGs. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either a control (C) or a blueberry (B) diet for 13 weeks. Aortic tissue GAGs were isolated with papain digestion, alkaline borohydride treatment and anion-exchange chromatography. Cellulose acetate electrophoresis and treatment of the fractions with specific lyases revealed the presence of three GAG populations, i.e. hyaluronan (HA), heparan sulfate (HS) and galactosaminoglycans (GalAGs). Disaccharide composition was determined by high-performance capillary electrophoresis following enzymatic degradation. A 13% higher amount of total GAGs in aortas of B-fed rats was attributed to a higher content of GalAGs (67%). Determination of the sulfated disaccharides showed an overall lower concentration of oversulfated disaccharides in both HS and GalAG populations in the aortas of the B group. Our results demonstrate for the first time that a diet rich in blueberries results in structural alterations in rat aortic tissue GAGs. These changes may affect cellular signal transduction pathways and could have major consequences for the biological function of GAG molecules within the vascular environment. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type:Article
Title:Wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) consumption affects the composition and structure of glycosaminoglycans in Sprague-Dawley rat aorta
DOI:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2005.05.015
Keywords:aorta, blueberries, diet, glycosaminoglycans, heparan sulfate, galactosaminoglycans, LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN, PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, CHONDROITIN SULFATE PROTEOGLYCAN, CHOLESTEROL-ENRICHED MACROPHAGES, CAPILLARY-ZONE-ELECTROPHORESIS, LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE, VASCULAR SMOOTH-MUSCLE, HEPARAN-SULFATE, MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASES, DISACCHARIDE COMPOSITION
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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