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Dietary manganese affects the concentration, composition and sulfation pattern of heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans in Sprague-Dawley rat aorta

Kalea, AZ; Lamari, FN; Theocharis, AD; Schuschke, DA; Karamanos, NK; Klimis-Zacas, DJ; (2006) Dietary manganese affects the concentration, composition and sulfation pattern of heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans in Sprague-Dawley rat aorta. BIOMETALS , 19 (5) 535 - 546. 10.1007/s10534-005-5893-x.

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Abstract

We examined the effect of dietary Mn on the composition and structure of heparan sulfate (HS) glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of rat aorta. Animals were randomly assigned to either a Mn deficient (MnD), adequate (MnA) or supplemented (MnS) diet (Mn < 1, 10-15 and 45-50 ppm, respectively). After 15 weeks, aortic tissue GAGs were isolated with papain digestion, alkaline borohydride treatment and anion-exchange chromatography. Cellulose acetate electrophoresis and treatment of the fractions with specific lyases revealed the presence of three GAG populations, i.e. hyaluronan (HA), heparan sulfate (HS) and galactosaminoglycans (GalAGs). Disaccharide composition of the HS fractions was determined by HPCE following treatment with heparin lyases I, II and III. In MnS aortas we observed increased concentration of total GalAGs and decreased concentration of HS and HA, when compared to MnA aortas. Aortas from MnD and MnA rats appeared to have similar distribution of individual GAGs. Heparan sulfate chains of MnS aortas contained higher (41%) concentration of non-sulfated units compared to MnA ones. Variable amounts of trisulfated and disulfated units were found only in MnD and MnA groups but not in MnS. Our results demonstrate that HS biosynthesis in the rat aorta undergoes marked structural modifications that depend upon dietary Mn intake. The reduced expression and undersulfation of HSPGs with Mn supplementation might indicate a reduced ability of vascular cells to interact with biologically active molecules such as growth factors. Alterations in cell-membrane binding ability to a variety of extracellular ligands might affect signal-transduction pathways and arterial functional properties.

Type:Article
Title:Dietary manganese affects the concentration, composition and sulfation pattern of heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans in Sprague-Dawley rat aorta
DOI:10.1007/s10534-005-5893-x
Keywords:aorta, disaccharides, glycosaminoglycan, heparan sulfate, manganese, VASCULAR SMOOTH-MUSCLE, PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, CAPILLARY-ZONE-ELECTROPHORESIS, LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE, DISACCHARIDE COMPOSITION, ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS, DERMATAN SULFATES, PROTEOGLYCANS, CHONDROITIN, METABOLISM
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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