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Radical hydroacylation of C-C and N-N double bonds in air

Ahern, J.M.; (2011) Radical hydroacylation of C-C and N-N double bonds in air. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The formation of C-C and C-N bonds in modern organic synthesis is a key target for methodological advancement. Current methods of C-C and C-N bond formation often involve the use of expensive catalysts, or sub-stoichiometric reagents, which can lead to the generation of undesirable waste products. This thesis describes a novel and environmentally benign set of reaction conditions for the formation of C-C and C-N bonds by hydroacylation and this is promoted by mixing two reagents, an aldehyde and an electron-deficient double bond, under freely available atmospheric oxygen at room temperature Chapter 1 will provide an introduction to the thesis and mainly discusses methods for C-C bond formation, in particular, radical chemistry and hydroacylation. Chapter 2 describes the hydroacylation of vinyl sulfonates and vinyl sulfones (C-C double bonds) with aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes with a discussion and evidence for the mechanism of the transformation. Chapter 3 details the synthesis of precursors for intramolecular cyclisations and studies into aerobic intramolecular cyclisations. Chapter 4 describes the hydroacylation of vinyl phosphonates (C-C double bonds) and diazocarboxylates (N-N double bonds) with aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes bearing functional groups. In addition, the hydroacylation of diazocarboxylates with chiral aldehydes will be discussed. In conclusion, a new, facile and clean set of reaction conditions for the formation of C-C and C-N bonds has been developed via aerobic C-H activation of aldehydes providing access to unsymmetrical ketones.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Radical hydroacylation of C-C and N-N double bonds in air
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1309819
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