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Fat, fish, fish oil and cancer

Caygill, CPJ; Charlett, A; Hill, MJ; (1996) Fat, fish, fish oil and cancer. BRIT J CANCER , 74 (1) 159 - 164.

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Abstract

There is an ecological association between total and animal fat consumption and colorectal and breast cancer risk. Mortality data for breast and colorectal cancer for 24 European countries correlated, as expected, with the consumption of animal, but not vegetable, fat. There was an inverse correlation with fish and fish oil consumption, when expressed as a proportion of total or animal fat, and this correlation was significant for both male and female colorectal cancer and for female breast cancer, whether the intakes were in the current time period, or 10 years or 23 years before cancer mortality. These effects were only seen in countries with a high (>85 g caput(-1) day(-1)) animal fat intake. This evidence suggests that fish oil consumption is associated with protection against the promotional effects of animal fat in colorectal and breast carcinogenesis.

Type:Article
Title:Fat, fish, fish oil and cancer
Keywords:animal fat, fish, fish oil, colon cancer, breast cancer, cancer prevention, COLON CANCER, DIETARY-FAT, BREAST, RISK
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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