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DIETARY-INTAKE AND GENE VARIATION INFLUENCE THE RESPONSE OF PLASMA-LIPIDS TO DIETARY INTERVENTION

TALMUD, PJ; BOERWINKLE, E; XU, CF; TIKKANEN, MJ; PIETINEN, P; HUTTUNEN, JK; HUMPHRIES, S; (1992) DIETARY-INTAKE AND GENE VARIATION INFLUENCE THE RESPONSE OF PLASMA-LIPIDS TO DIETARY INTERVENTION. GENET EPIDEMIOL , 9 (4) 249 - 260.

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Abstract

We have examined whether variation at the apolipoprotein (apo) B, apo E, ap. AII, and apo AI-CIII-AIV genes affected the relationship between dietary intake and serum lipid traits in individuals who had participated in dietary intervention from a basal high fat diet to a low fat diet followed by a return to their natural diet, the switchback. On both the basal and switchback diets where the variance of dietary intake was great, there was a significant correlation between P/S ratio and serum total, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and apo AI levels. In addition dietary cholesterol (dchol) levels correlated significantly with serum apo AI levels on the basal diet. Comparing the difference between basal and intervention (DELTA1) and between switchback and intervention diets (DELTA2), changes in dchol and P/S ratio correlated significantly with changes in serum total, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and LDL cholesterol, and apo B levels. There was a significant correlation between monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and apo Al levels during both changes. Furthermore we have examined whether the relationship between variables was homogeneous among genotypes of candidate gene polymorphisms. A heterogeneous effect (P < 0.01) was seen among genotypes of the PvuII-AIV restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) on the correlation of serum LDL cholesterol levels and dietary MUFA during both dietary changes (DELTA1 and DELTA2). A heterogeneous effect among genotypes of the apo B XbaI RFLP on the correlation between dchol versus total and LDL cholesterol during the change DELTA1, but not DELTA2, was observed. Thus our results show that both dietary components and genetic variation affect the response of serum lipid, lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein levels to dietary change.

Type:Article
Title:DIETARY-INTAKE AND GENE VARIATION INFLUENCE THE RESPONSE OF PLASMA-LIPIDS TO DIETARY INTERVENTION
Keywords:DIETARY INTERVENTION, DIETARY INTAKE, CANDIDATE GENES, APO-B, APO-AII, APO-AI-CIII-AIV, APO-F, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM, APOLIPOPROTEIN-B GENE, LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN, SERUM-CHOLESTEROL RESPONSE, CORONARY HEART-DISEASE, AIV GENE, CATABOLIC RATE, FAT DIET, POLYMORPHISM, CLUSTER, RISK
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science

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