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Breakage and Regrowth of Al-Humic Flocs - Effect of Additional Coagulant Dosage

Yu, WZ; Gregory, J; Campos, L; (2010) Breakage and Regrowth of Al-Humic Flocs - Effect of Additional Coagulant Dosage. ENVIRON SCI TECHNOL , 44 (16) 6371 - 6376. 10.1021/es1007627.

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Abstract

The growth, breakage and regrowth of flocs formed by aluminum sulfate (alum) with humic acid (HA) in water at neutral pH was investigated by jar testing with continuous optical monitoring Various initial dosages of alum and different breakage shears were investigated to compare the floc strengths and to explore the growth of flocs and regrowth of broken flocs. In all cases there was significant irreversibility of floc breakage when no additional coagulant was added. On the other hand, when a small additional dosage of alum was added to the suspension during floc breakage, the size of regrown flocs was higher than that before breakage. The result did not change with the variation of the initial dosage of alum, and the intensity and duration of floc breakage, provided that the additional coagulant was added shortly before the end of the breakage process It seems that aluminum hydroxide is better able to form flocs, when newly precipitated, rather than after an extended period of high shear

Type:Article
Title:Breakage and Regrowth of Al-Humic Flocs - Effect of Additional Coagulant Dosage
DOI:10.1021/es1007627
Keywords:NATURAL ORGANIC-MATTER, AGGREGATION, STRENGTH, PH
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering

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